Today we are going to talk Cognitive Learning in our week about milestones and assessments. First up, remember this is fluid, what is the progress of learning. And we are going to use a 4 year old for today's base. When we say a 4 year old we mean by the end of year 4, and not the beginning of year 4. And it's natural that in some places they may be ahead, and in some further behind, as the year progresses, because you are focusing on different things at different times, at home.
Remember "cognitive" means learning, thinking, problem-solving.
A 4 year old can look at a numbers and identify them, and also a colors. They understand the idea of counting, they are starting to successfully copy capital letters, and they can tell you what they think is going to happen next in a story.
A three year old can copy a circle, and a five year old can draw triangles and geometric shapes.
Let's look at the example of vocabulary understanding - a three year old understands what two means; a four year old understand the idea of same and different, and is counting (there are four chairs, and four people), and the five year old is putting it together - they understand everyday things like money (it's needed to buy things and dollars are more than coins) or food (breakfast, lunch, snack) and they can count ten or more things. You can see the progression of the skills, adding on, and how each level is a foundation for a new level.
Drawing a person, a three year old can do a circle, maybe a longer oval with a face; the four year old adds body parts, 2-4 of them, making a more complete drawing; and the five year old is drawing a person with at least six body parts.
Are you starting to see how it's a fluid skill building?
Until next time, take care of you!
Director of Over The Bay Pre-K